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Research paper on indian agriculture

For the last 25 years, I have worked on various aspects of rice research in India. During this period, I have had the very good fortune of working with outstanding colleagues in a number of fine research institutions and universities. India has an incredible cadre of young scientists poised to propel the country toward being a world leader in transforming agriculture through the use of modern scientific tools. Indeed, it has been science-based improvements in agricultural technology that have contributed significantly — across two Green Revolutions GR — to alleviating hunger and poverty in India and most of Asia.

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The science of GR1. The science of the second GR GR2. I maintain that GR2. Since then, these Sub1 varieties the gene discovered and deployed by IRRI and Indian scientists that enables the plant to survive complete submergence is named Sub1 have spread like wildfire in eastern India and in other regions where flooding is a perennial problem. The Sub1 technology can be attributed primarily to high-level and top-quality science — science conducted in some of the finest laboratories in the world and published in top scientific journals such as Nature — to solve the problems Indian farmers are facing in their fields.

One scientific study Dar et al. I also envision that, sometime around , a third GR GR3.

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These varieties will be extraordinarily environmentally friendly as, to produce higher yield, they will only need half the amount of water and nitrogen currently used. By this time, as well, consumers should have been benefiting for years from better quality and more nutritious rice, fortified with iron, zinc, and pro-vitamin A, in the marketplace.

AI for AgriTech ecosystem in India- IBM Research

However, I fear this vision could be delayed or thwarted altogether by something very disturbing I heard during my recent visits to Indian universities:. Some brilliant students are wondering if they should devote any time at all to studying agriculture and biology. This is indeed troubling.

The future of agricultural science, in general, and rice science, specifically, is at stake if we cannot nurture the next crop of vibrant, intelligent, and caring young scientists. We want these people to be attracted to agriculture and to do work that contributes to food security, sustainability, and improving our environment. GMO opponents and anti-technology lobbyists must learn to embrace science, not fear it.

I can only hope that policymakers will allow this crop to proceed and not suffer the same fate as Bt brinjal. It is disappointing that Bt brinjal approval has been delayed in India.

Indian agriculture and rural development: Strategic issues and reform options

When one considers the very large amount of pesticides applied to brinjal in India, the release of the Bt version of the crop would bring tremendous environmental benefits by greatly reducing excessive and broadly toxic pesticide applications that indiscriminately kill organisms and harm the environment. No doubt, its availability would be a health benefit to farmers, economically attractive to them, and a big win for the environment. It goes without saying that consumers would no longer have to worry about eating eggplant with pesticide residue on it.


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They try to balance hypothetical, even fantastical risks of a technology against known, demonstrated, and massive positive benefits. And they confound arguments around science and technologies with selected multinationals they choose to demonise.

New book on climate change adaptation in Indian agriculture

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. India's agriculture sector continues to be the lifeline of its people and a key factor in the economy's overall productivity.


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  • Essay on the Development of Indian Agriculture (2759 Words)!

Agriculture is an important part of India's economy and at present it is among the top two farm producers in the world. This sector provides approximately 52 percent of the total number of jobs available in India and contributes around Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. This paper analyses the dynamics of digital transformation of the Indian agricultural system and major drivers of transformation, giving an overview of the past achievements and the future challenges in Indian agriculture to be strategically dealed with to accelerate sustainable broad-based growth in the agriculture sector in the country.